Latvia is a country which is located in the Northern Europe by the Baltic Sea. It is a member of the European Union since 2004 and it is also a member of the Baltic States – in fact, it is the biggest country. The climate in Latvia is temperate and it is prefer mostly by tourists who cannot stand hot weather all the time. The winters are frosty but the summer is not very hot, 19,8°C is the average temperature in July.
The country is visited by more than 2 million of travellers every year who mainly visit the capital city - Riga. The main tourists who visit the country are tourists from the Russian Federation, Germany, Estonia, Lithuania and Norway. Latvia is considered to be a green country which provides numerous interesting places to discover. It is a country where lives many nations because of war activities in this region. The multinational society can be observed in almost every city.
The symbol of Latvia
The Freedom Monument was built to honour the soldiers who were killed in the Latvian War of Independence which took place from 1918 to 1920. The monument is a symbol of independence and freedom which cost lives of thousands soldiers as well as ordinary citizens. The monument is in the city since 1935. The location of the monument cannot be missed by any holidaymakers because it is situated in the heart of Riga, on Riga Boulevard, near the Old Town.
While being near the monument, it is worth looking closer the guard of honour which is presented near the monument. The guards which can be seen there are soldiers of The Company of Guard of Honour of Headquarters Battalion of the National Armed Forces. They change every hour from 9am to 6pm. What is more, since September 2004, the soldiers march near the monument every half an hour.
The military fortress
In Latvia are located various military fortresses. One of them which is worth noticing and visiting is Daugavpills Fortress placed in Daugavpills, in south-eastern regions of Latvia. The fortress has not been modified since the day it was built (19th century) which is very rare when it comes to that kind of buildings. The fortress was used mainly by Russian Empire to defence west parts of the Empire. Since Russians left the fortress, there have placed various institutions such as Nazi prisoner-of-war camp during the Second World War and the Daugavpills Higher School of Military Aircraft Engineering.
A moment of relaxation
Latvia is also a country which attract tourists who want to have a rest. Liepaja is a perfect place to do it. It is a seaside resort located in west Latvia, by Baltic Sea. Travellers who choose the city will not get bored. During the day they can walk on charming streets and sunbath on white sand beaches which are the landmarks of the city. At night the city never sleeps – there are numerous night clubs which are full of young people who are sensation seekers. On the other hand, there are also tourist attractions for other people. An excellent example can be visiting St. Paul Church.
Latvia is a country located in the northern part of Europe. It is a part of Baltic States. At present, the Baltic States have become very popular thanks to plane tickets to Latvia at fair prices. However, before passengers take off from their home towns, it is worth learning something more about Latvian airports. In Latvia, travelers will find seven airports. However, there are three leading airports in Latvia. They are: Riga International Airport, Liepaja Airport, and Ventspils Airport. However, at present, the only airport which serves commercial flights, including international, is Riga International Airport.
The Biggest Airport in Latvia
Riga International Airport is the largest airport, located in Latvia on the Gulf of Riga and by the Daugava River. It is also the biggest airport in the Baltic States. In 2015, more than 5 million holidaymakers chose this airport. Passengers who decide to take off from the airport will have an opportunity to travel to 80 different destinations located in 30 countries. Holidaymakers who are also interested in knowing the capital city better will also be satisfied because the airport is located only 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from Riga’s city center.
At the Airport
The history of the airport started in 1973 while Latvia was a part of the Soviet Union. However, the airport was completely renovated and modern equipment has been installed, which is an irreplaceable part of every well-developed airport. Today, passengers are able to use three terminals and fly to various destinations. The majority of places located on arrival and departure boards focus on European cities such as London, Stockholm, Kiev, Warsaw, and Frankfurt. However, there is also one intercontinental connection with North America – there is a direct flight to New York.
Besides regular flights, the airport also offers seasonal connections with the most popular holiday destinations, for example, Barcelona, Rome, Burgas, Hurghada, and a lot more. However, the most frequently chosen flight destinations are London, Moscow, and Frankfurt.
To the City Center
Riga is considered to be the most stunning and breathtaking place in this part of Europe. While at the Riga International Airport, it is worth dedicating some time to visiting the city. The airport is located only 10 kilometers from the city center so the ground transportation should not cause any problems. In fact, there are two ways of traveling to the heart of the city: by bus or by taxi. When it comes to buses, line 22 is provided, which takes passengers from the airport to the center of Riga. The bus leaves the airport every 10 to 30 minutes, and the journey takes about 30 minutes.
The second option is taxi. It is the quickest method to reach the city center. It usually takes only 15 minutes. The airport also provides international transfers for passengers. There is a company which offers transfers to the countries which are located close to Latvia. The destination places operated by the company are Vilnius, Tallinn, Minsk, and Warsaw.
Latvia main cities
Latvia is a country which is situated by Baltic Sea. The country has a lot to offer for the tourists who are willing to discover its cities, nature and history. The population of the country is only 2,070,371 inhabitants. It is a similar number of inhabitants who live in one, big city, for example in Paris. Latvia has only 9 cities and 67 towns. There are certain requirements which have to be met to receive a label – a city. The biggest and leading cities of the country are Riga, Daugavpils and Liepaja.
The biggest city
The most developed, the biggest and the most powerful city in Latvia is its capital city – Riga. Riga is placed on Gulf of Riga and by the Daugava River. In Riga 641,007 inhabitants live and it is also the largest city of the Baltic States. The development of the city has started in 13th century when the city was established. The medieval city centre has been noticed by plenty of tourists as well as UNESCO which has placed the Riga's centre into the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Latvia is a member of the European Union since 2004 and the capital city was the European Capital of Culture in 2014. What is more, there is also located an important European Union's office called European Regulators for Electronic Communications(BEREC). Another advantage of the place are the green areas which are available in every corner of the city. Riga is well-known as one of the greenest city in Europe. While being in Riga, it is worth visiting the landmarks of the city such as Riga Cathedral, Cathedral Basilica of St. James and the Freedom Monument.
The city of many names
The second biggest city in Latvia is Daugavpils. The place is located in the south-east part of Latvia by the Daugave River. The city is located close to Russian border – about 100 kilometres from the Russian Federation. The population of the city is 96,818 inhabitants and it is the second biggest city in Latvia. The city was established in 1275 as Dunaburg but the name of the city has been modified several times in accordance to the governments which have also changed. The names of the city were Borisoglebsk, Dunaburg, Dvinsk and finally the present name Daugavpills was given in 1920.
The city is an example of multinational city because the majority of population are Russians (more than 50%), 20% are Latvians, 14,2% are Poles and 7,2% are Belarusians. During visiting the city, it is worth to see the Daugavpils Fortress from the 19th century and the biggest Orthodox Church in Latvia – Saints Boris and Gleb Cathedral.
A city by Baltic Sea
The next city which can fascinate tourists is Liepaja which is located directly by Baltic Sea coastline. It is the third largest city in the country with the population of over 80,000 inhabitants. In the city are located numerous industrial plants, for example shoes factory, coffee and sugar manufacturing. The seaside town is visited mostly by the tourists who want to have a rest and lie on the sandy beaches which are one of the cleanest in Europe.
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