Lebanon is a country which is located in the Middle East by the Mediterranean Sea. It is a country which was affected by a civil war and which was unavailable for tourists for a long time. Nowadays, Lebanon is open for tourism, and it is very successful in this field. What is more, the tourism development has been also noticed by international airlines, which provide cheap flight tickets to Lebanon. As a result, more and more tourists want to discover and learn about the country. The country was also noticed by The New York Times, which ranked Beirut the number one travel destination worldwide in 2009. Lebanon has plenty to offer, and tourist attractions are available in every city.
The Main Area of the Capital City
Beirut as a capital city has a lot to offer for tourists who want to explore the country and the city. Tourists can spend hours in an area located in the heart of Beirut called Beirut Central District – well-known also as Centre Ville. Beirut Central District is the largest pedestrian area in Beirut with a total area of 191 ha. It is a place where tradition, business, finances, and culture meet in one place. The area has direct access to Beirut Port and the international airport and, as an outcome, it can attract more and more holidaymakers.
It is a place where the most powerful institutions are placed, such as the Lebanese Government, Parliament, and the Beirut Stock Exchange. Financial institutions such as World Bank, ESCWA, and the Union of Arab Bank are also located there. Also situated there are places which attract tourists, such as museums, for example, Planet Discovery – a special museum for children, or Beirut City History Museum, which presents the history of the city in a detailed and interesting way.
Beirut Central District also has religious buildings for different faiths – some examples are Saint George Maronite Cathedral and Grand Omari Mosque.
In the Temple of the Phoenician God
The second tourist attraction which is worth visiting while being in Lebanon is the Temple of Eshman.
Eshman was the Phoenician God of healing. The temple is located in Sidon, in a city which can be found in a southwestern part of Lebanon. The temple was strongly important for Phoenician civilizations. However, nowadays tourists may visit only the ruins which have left from the temple. The temple and its remains were listed in the World Heritage Site list.
A Place of Relaxation
Lebanon is also a seaside place where you can relax and have fun. There are many places where you can do just that – a great example can be Ziri Island, which is located only 15 kilometers (0.9 miles) from the coast of Sidon.
The island is made of rocks and it is uninhabited, but it is very popular place to spend the whole day, have a picnic, and swim and dive in the azure sea. The island was used as a breakwater in ancient times to keep ships and boats of fishermen safe. Tourists who are interested in visiting the unusual island can go there by boat from the Sidon port.
Lebanon is a country which is located in Western Asia by the Mediterranean Sea. It is a country which is not usually a popular tourist destination but, thanks to plane tickets to Lebanon which are available at affordable prices, passengers have the opportunity to visit the country.
When it comes to taking a journey to Lebanon, the easiest way is traveling by plane. In Lebanon you can find six airports, but only one, Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport, is available for civilian flights. The airport is located in the capital of Lebanon, where the main tourist attractions are located.
The Biggest, the Best
The leading airport of Lebanon is Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport. The airport is situated only 9 kilometers (5.6 miles) from the Beirut city center. It is the only gate to enter the country from the sky.
The airport has a long and confused history. The airport was opened on the 23rd of April in 1954 and, at that time, the airport was one of the most innovative in this part of the world. However, everything has changed during the 15-year long civil war starting in the 1970s when the airport lost its prestige. At the end of the 1990s, the airport was rebuilt, but a similar situation happened in the 2000s. Nowadays, the airport serves more than 6 million travelers every year and it provides flights to numerous destinations.
Flight Destinations from Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport
The airport serves mainly countries and cities which are located in Europe, for example, Moscow, Paris, Warsaw, and London; and in Africa, for instance, Cairo, and Alexandria; and the Middle East, for example, Kuwait. The airport also serves seasonal charters during the summertime which provide flights to the most popular tourist destinations, for example, Burgas, Varna, Rhodos, and Santorini.
At the Airport
The airport is designed in a U-shape. It consists of two wings – the East and the West Wing. Passengers will have an opportunity to use 23 gates which are equipped with jetways. Two of them have double jetways.
The airport provides various facilities. Each wing possesses cafes, restaurants, and tourism shops.
The airport also has an offer for travelers who are fascinated with the online world – the airport provides free of charges Wi-Fi, which is available for 30 minutes for every passenger. The main terminal is divided into four levels: ground level, second level, third level, and fourth level. Each level was designed to meet certain targets.
The ground level is dedicated to the passengers who have just landed at the airport. There are some duty-free shops which are available only for those passengers. There is also a waiting area where cafes and restaurants are located. The second level is a departure level. Here one can find checkpoints, customs, and immigrations. The third level provides some facilities for VIP passengers – here one can find a special VIP lounge where they can relax before taking off. The last level is where the airport administration offices are located and it is a place where passengers are not allowed to be.
Lebanon Main Cities
Lebanon is a country which is situated in the Middle East by the Mediterranean Sea. The city has three main cities which are noteworthy to describe. They are Beirut, the capital city, Tripoli, and Sidon. Each of those cities represents the tradition and culture of the country. Tourists who are interested in learning more about Lebanon should visit all of the cities.
The Most Significant City in the Country
Beirut is a capital and the biggest city in Lebanon. It is situated in the central part of the country by the Mediterranean coastline. In Beirut, 1,916,100 people live. The history of the city began in ancient Egypt and, since the 15th century BC, the city has been described in letters. When it comes to modern history, the city had to deal with the cruel reality of war – a 15-year civil war took place there.
Nowadays, the city has been rebuilt and is being still rebuilt, but it is a safe destination which is appreciated by various tourists from all over the world. They purchase flight tickets to Lebanon and go there for holidays to explore the city. What is more, Beirut's climate is also very pleasant for travelers who look for an appropriate destination for beach holidays. In August the average temperature is 32°C (90°F).
The main part of the city is called Beirut Central District, where the most powerful institutions are located, such as Lebanon Parliament and various banks. It is also a zone which is perfect for tourists because numerous museums, churches, mosques, squares, and many more interesting places are located there.
The Second Biggest City in Lebanon
The city which is considered to be the second biggest city in Lebanon is Tripoli, which is situated in the north region of Lebanon by the Mediterranean Sea. The city is located 85 kilometers from the capital city. Tripoli is a home to over 730,000 people. The history of the city started in the 14th century BC. Then today's area was established and inhabited first by Phoenicians. Later, various nations lived in this place, for example, Persians and Greeks.
Nowadays, tourists who visit the city mainly focus on fortification which is the most significant in this area – the Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles. Some of them also visit the islands which belong to Tripoli. There are four of them and one, the biggest, called Island of Palm Trees, was listed on the UNESCO list in 1992. On the island, holidaymakers can find numerous exotic birds, trees, and animals, including sea turtles.
The City from Prehistory
The third biggest city on Lebanon's map is Sidon. Sidon is inhabited by 463,000 people. The city is located by the Mediterranean coastline in the south region of Lebanon, 40 kilometers from Beirut. Historical proofs say that the city was established in prehistory, and there was also a reference of the city in the Bible. It can be considered to be one of the oldest cities in this region. While being in Sidon, it is worth visiting Sidon Sea Castle, which was built by Crusaders in 1228, and Eshmund Temple, which was established by a Phoenician god.
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