Luxembourg is classified as one of the smallest countries in Europe. In fact, it is eighth least populous country in Europe. However, the GDP rate is one of the highest in the world. When it comes to tourism, this branch is a significant element of the Luxembourg economy. In 2009, 8.3% of the GDP came from tourism.
The majority of travelers visit the capital city of the Grand Duchy. Every year over 900,000 holidaymakers visit the country. They travel mainly by cars and planes – the majority of European airlines provide flight tickets to Luxembourg at reasonable prices.
Three Acorns in Luxembourg City
One of the tourist attractions which is worth seeing in Luxembourg City is Fort Thungen, known also as Three Acorns. It is a historic, Austrian fortification located in Luxembourg City, in the southern region of the country. The building of the Fort started in 1732 and it was demolished in 1867 after the signing of the Treaty of London, which demanded the removal all kinds of fortifications in Luxembourg. As an outcome, there are only three towers and foundations left. Happily, in the 1990s, the fort was rebuilt and in its place the Museum of Modern Art – Mudam was established.
The historic fortification was completely restored and reopened for travelers in 2012. Nowadays, it is open for holidaymakers who can visit the fortification. Located there today is a museum, called Mussee Drai Eechden. The museum has a permanent exhibition which presents the history of Luxembourg from the 15th to the 19th century. There are over 600 items collected which present the everyday life of ordinary people from the small country. The museum is open every day except Tuesdays from 10 am to 6 pm and on Wednesdays from 10 am to 8 pm. The entrance costs 5 euros.
Learn More About the City
All travelers who are fascinated with Luxembourg City should also visit the Luxembourg City History Museum, which is located in Old Town in the capital city. The museum is placed in four restored buildings from the 17th to the 19th century. The museum presents the city’s development, which can be discovered by visiting the permanent as well as the temporary exhibitions. The museum was opened to the public on the 22nd of June, 1996. At present, holidaymakers are able to visit the museum every day from 10 am to 6 pm except on Mondays. The entrance fee is 5 euros.
Visit the Most Important Building in the Country
One of the advantages of purchasing flight tickets to Luxembourg is an opportunity to see the most powerful residence in this region. The place is called Grand Ducal Palace, and it is an official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. In this place, the most important decisions are made.
The building dates back to the 16th century in the times of the Flemish Renaissance. Tourists are able to visit the place but only at certain times, when the Ducal Family is on holidays. The palace is open for the public from the 13th of July to the 6th of September every day except Wednesdays. The tour is guided by an experienced and well-qualified guide and takes about 45 minutes.
Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries located in the surrounding areas of big countries such as Germany, France, and Belgium.
The country has great connections with the countries by road and, when it comes to airports, there is only one airport located in the country.
It is called Luxembourg Findel Airport.
The Only Airport in a Small Country
The airport was opened in the 1930s, and during those times it was well-known as Sandweiler Airport. The airport was used by German Luftwaffe when Luxembourg was invaded by Germany in 1940. In September 1944, the USA forces took over the airport and it was used against the German army until the end of the war. Today, the airport is civil and serves more than 2 million passengers annually.
Flying from the Luxembourg Findel Airport
The airport provides numerous destinations, mainly concentrating on European cities. Some examples of the places where travelers from Luxembourg Airport can travel to are: London, Dussedorf, Warsaw, Frankfurt, Dublin, Lisbon, and many more. What is more, the airport also provides seasonal flights to the most popular tourist destinations in Europe and the countries which are located near Europe. Some flights which may interest holidaymakers are: Athens, Dubrovnik, Venice, Naples, Corfu, and many more. At present there are 66 destinations to 20 countries provided and operated by 12 airlines. Every week the airport serves about 800 flights.
Travelers who are going to fly from Luxembourg Findel Airport will have an opportunity make use of two terminals which are available at the airport. The first terminal, Terminal A, was built in 1975. It used to be the only terminal at the airport for a long time. However, it was often overcrowded and it was finally modernised and connected with Terminal B.
Terminal B is the newest building at the airport. It was opened in 2004 and it can serve up to 600,000 passengers a year. At the terminals, travelers will have a possibility to go shopping and have something to eat in 12 places dedicated to those purposes. There are also two meeting rooms, three cash machines, an exchange office and even a photo booth.
To the City Centre
While being at the main airport of Luxembourg, it is worth visiting the city. There are two ways which will let you get to the city centre – they are a bus and a car.
When it comes to public transport there are three lines provided. The bus numbers which stop at the airport are 16, 29, and 117. The buses are available for passengers from 5:30 in the morning until 11 in the evening. The tickets prices to the city centre are from 2 to 4 euros. What is more, there is great information for holidaymakers who plan to visit the city at the weekends – from the 6th of June, 2015, all buses are free on Saturdays. The second option getting to and from the airport is by car. The city is connected with the airport by motorway. It allows you to get to your destination quickly. At the airport one can also find car rental companies.
Luxembourg Main Cities
Luxembourg is a country of small size located between France, Germany, and Belgium. The total population of the country is 524,853 people – it is the same number which live in a quite big city, for example, in Dublin, Bradford, and Hannover. In Luxembourg travelers can find 79 cities where more than 1,000 inhabitants live. The biggest cities of Luxembourg are Luxembourg City, Esch-Sur-Alzetter, and Differdange.
The Wealthy Capital
The capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and its biggest city is Luxembourg City. The city is located by two rivers – Petrusse and Alzette Rivers, and it is situated in the south region of Luxembourg. Luxembourg City is considered to be one of the wealthiest cities in the world with very low crime rates. In 2014, Luxembourg took the second place in the ranking of the countries which have the highest GDP in the world.
In Luxembourg City some institutions of the European Union are located, such as the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, the European Investment Fund, and more. Luxembourg City is also the home of the Luxembourg government. The city is not governed by a president – the head of Luxembourg is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Nowadays, it is Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, since October of 2000.
Luxembourg is a perfect place for every tourist who loves culture and cultural events. Numerous places are located on the small area of the city which are related to various entertainment. There are a few noteworthy museums, for example, National Museum of History and Art, the Luxembourg City History Museum, the Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art, and many more. There are also two theatres, a concert hall, and a philharmonic. The cultural places can be noticed at every corner of the city and, for this reason, Luxembourg has been called the European Capital of Culture. The title was given to the city twice – in 1995 and 2007. During a stay in Luxembourg City, it is also worth visiting the Grand Ducal Palace – an official residence of the Duke, Adolphe Bridge – a 153-metre long bridge from 1903 and various fortifications.
The Kingdom of Steel
The second biggest city in Luxembourg is Esch-Sur-Alzetter, which is situated in the southwest part of Luxembourg, only 15 kilometres from the capital. In the city about 30,000 people live who mainly work in the steel industry. The city is famous for steel manufacturing, which is the biggest in the country. In the city, tourists can visit the National Museum of the Resistance, where materials are collected related to the Second World War.
The City Between Two Borders
The third biggest city which is situated in Luxembourg is called Differdange. The city is located between the French and Belgium border, and the population of the town is over 23,000 inhabitants. The city is an example of an industrial city where the majority of citizens work in steel manufacturing. The landmark of the city is Differdange Castle, located on the hill. Today, the castle is the house of Miami University.
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