Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation and the biggest city in this country. It is placed by the Moskva River in Eastern Europe and it is a centre of political, economic, industrial and cultural worlds in the Russian Federation. Over 12,000,000 citizens live in Moscow. The city is also a place where the most important institutions are located, including the political world. A great example is the Moscow Kremlin, the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation. Nevertheless, there are plenty of interesting spots worth visiting by tourists who expect to see something unusual and something which cannot be seen in any European country and city.
The Moscow Kremlin (the Kremlin)
This is a fortified building by the Moskva River located in the heart of Moscow. It is the residence of the Russian President. The first parts of the Kremlin were constructed in 1147 when Yuri I Vladimirovich ordered wood tower to be built. Since the 14th century, the Moscow Kremlin is a residence of princes and tsars. The building was modified many times, and the present appearance of it is a constant from the 15th century when Italian architects designed and constructed the building. Nowadays, tourists can admire the breath-taking building and, what is more, travellers are also allowed to go inside the complex and find the numerous museums which are located in this place.
While in Moscow, it is noteworthy to have an opportunity to visit Lenin's Mausoleum which is located in Red Square, in the central part of Moscow. The mausoleum is an unusual tourist attraction where travellers may observe the tomb of Vladimir Lenin, a founder of the Soviet Union who died on the 21st of January, 1924. The government of that time wanted to make Lenin immortal, and for this reason his body was embalmed and displayed to the public right after his died and later, in 1930, the present building was built.
Nowadays, the Lenin's Tomb is available for tourists on Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. The entrance does not cost anything, but you may expect to see a line because people are still interested in visiting this since 1930.
The Red Square
The Red Square is situated in the heart of Moscow. In fact, it is the most important place in this city. It is one of the largest squares in the Russian Federation. It is 330 metres long and 70 metres wide. The name of the square comes from Old Russian which means 'beautiful' – it was not invented by communists who loved the place during those times as many tourists think. Nowadays, the Red Square is the place where numerous museums and other interesting buildings are located, including Lenin's Mausoleum, Lenin's tomb, the Kremlin, the residence of the President of the Russian Federation and Saint Basil's Cathedral, a full of colours building which looks like it was just taken from a fairy tale and many more. It is also a square where various parades take place, including military parades.
Shermetyevo is an international airport located in Moscow. It is placed only 29 kilometres from Moscow’s city centre. The international airport is one of three airports in this city, along with Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport. However, Shermetyevo is the second-biggest airport in Moscow. Its history started in the previous epoch, during time of communism - on the 11th of August, 1959. Today, the airport serves about 30,000,000 passengers every year and it is described as one of the most innovative airports in this corner of world.
At the Airport
The airport is like a small town where institutions are located which are designed to help travellers who are waiting for their flights, as well as for those who have just landed at the airport. The airport is very vast, so the terminals are divided into two parts in terms of geographical location. As a result, there are north and south terminals and there are six terminals altogether.
North Terminals are A, B and C. Terminal A was opened in 2012 and is dedicated only for businessmen and for owners of private planes. Terminal B serves international and low-cost flights. It was opened in 1964 and the terminal looks like a spaceship. Terminal C is dedicated mainly to Russian, Ukraine and Belarus passengers. It serves international charters, and it can even serve 7 million passengers per year.
South Terminals are D, E and F. Terminal D was opened in 2009. It has the largest space and it serves up to 12 million travellers per year. Terminal E was opened in 2010. It serves international flights. A transit hotel is located at the terminal – V-Express – it gives the possibility of having a short-term accommodation without having a visa. Terminal F was started in 1980 for the Summer Olympic Games. It serves 6 million passengers during the year and it is the bigger version of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport; it was also designed by the same architect.
From Moscow Shermetyevo Airport, holidaymakers can travel to almost every corner of the world.
The destinations are located at every continent and in almost every capital. Some popular destinations include cities of the Russian Federation, such as Sochi, Volgogras. However, there are also Warsaw, Paris, Madrid, Washington and many more.
To the City Centre
There are a few ways which let you get to the city centre. They are by train, bus and taxi. The train station is located in front of Terminal F.
The train is the fastest way to get to the heart of Moscow. The journey usually lasts 35 minutes, and the train leaves the airport every 30 minutes from 5 in the morning until 11:30 at night. The second method of transport provided by the airport is the bus. The bus takes passengers to the nearest underground station, where they can continue their journey to any place. The buses depart the airport from 5:30 in the morning until midnight. The last choice is a taxi. It is the most expensive way of transport, but it will take you directly to your destination.
Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation, its biggest, most developed city, and a place which definitely must be visited by every traveller before their death. Moscow is a city where every Russian wants to live, and it is the most expensive and a calling card of the Russian Federation. The city has been announced to be the most expensive city to live. In 2014 Moscow took ninth position in cost of living city ranking. However, when it comes to accommodation, there are offers for wealthy guests, as well for the visitors who prefer more economic solutions.
In the Heart of Moscow
Moscow city center is full of various tourist attractions. For this reason, it is worth it to consider looking for suitable accommodation in the city center if you want to go sightseeing and do not want to travel a lot around the city center where the main museums and interesting places are located.
There are more than 800 different hotels situated in the heart of Moscow. The majority of them offer a stay for about $100-$120 per night, but there are also more expensive hotels. A huge number of hotels provide various features for their guests, including free of charge access to the Internet (Wi-Fi), car park, indoor swimming pool, and an airport shuttle without extra charges. Some of them also offer amenities for disabled guests.
The Luxurious Stay in the Russian Federation's Capital
When you dream about having a stay like a queen and king in Moscow, you definitely can find something appropriate which will meet your expectations. This is because in Moscow more than twenty 5-star hotels and over thirty 4-star hotels are located. Also available are some of the most popular and respected hotel chains in the world, including Sheraton, Novotel, Mercure, Marriott Apartments, and Holiday Inn Hotels & Resorts.
Travelers who choose the best-class hotels may expect various amenities which will help them have a pleasant stay. Some examples are spacious, well-furnished, and equipped rooms with soundproof windows. The hotel guests may also use 24-hour room service, which is served by a professional staff who is able to communicate in many languages, for example, English, German, and even Chinese. Another advantage of this kind of hotel is the business center, which is a very suitable place to work for every business person who needs to be on duty during their stay in Moscow.
At the Airport
A capsule hotel is located at the Sheremetyevo. The hotel has been established for travellers who wait long hours for the next flight and who want to relax or take a nap before the flight. The hotel is well-furnished and meets the basic needs of travellers. The spot is located at Terminal E, but passengers who stay at Terminals F and D also have access to the accommodation.
A great advantage of the hotel is its accessibility to every passenger because it is a transit hotel. This means that the guests do not have to have a visa to stay there. You can stay at the hotel as long as you want to, but the maximum time is 24 hours.
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