Copenhagen - a guide to the attractions of Andersen's city
Copenhagen is a magical, fascinating city. The biggest attraction is, first of all, great architecture, but the Danish capital has a lot more interesting places in store. Check out its rich offer!
Symbol of the city
Copenhagen is not only the country's capital, but also Denmark's largest city, with the great advantage of being located on the east coast of the island of Zeeland and connected by a bridge over the Sund Strait to the Swedish city of Malmo. The biggest symbol is not its buildings, which you will learn about as you wander around the city, but a small statue of the Mermaid. You can find it by the harbor. It depicts a character in the fairy tale by CH. H. Andersen's tale entitled. "The Little Mermaid." The sculpture of the half-woman, half-fish was made in 1913 by Edvard Eriksen, who was posed by his wife (body) and actress and ballerina Ellen Price (face).
For the metropolitan, but nevertheless very quiet character of the Danish capital, look for the Strøget promenade. It is a superbly landscaped pedestrian zone. It is as much as a kilometer long, tightly filled with nice townhouses with restaurants and stores in the ground floors. It is enclosed on the east side by the city's largest square called Kongens Nytorv, which is surrounded by stately palaces, a theater, a hotel and a historic department store. Leaning against the square is the Nyhavn Canal, which serves as a link to the harbor. It is an extremely atmospheric part of the city with waterfront townhouses in very vibrant colors.
The majestic Christiansborg and its neighboring buildings form a very interesting ensemble of Copenhagen monuments that you must see. They occupy the island of Slotsholmen, surrounded on all sides by canals, over which 9 bridges were thrown. The history of this castle dates back as far as the 11th century, while the present structure was built only at the beginning of the 20th century. Originally it was the residence of the king and his family, and today the Danish parliament sits here. The castle complex also includes the classicist castle church from the 1820s, rococo pavilions housing the Royal Stables and Carriages Museum and the Theater Museum, which surround a horseback riding area. On the island you'll still find the Military Museum, as well as the 17th-century building of the former stock exchange.
Currently, the official residence of the royal family is Amalienborg. In fact, there are four identical palaces, which are undoubtedly among Copenhagen's most important attractions. They were built in the mid-18th century with the demarcation of a new district to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the coronation of Christian IV, the first ruler of the Oldenburg dynasty. In turn, the palaces derive their name from Sophia Amelia, who lived a century earlier and had her summer palace built (unfortunately, it burned down in 1689). Be sure to take a look inside - the Palace Museum is very impressive. You will get a similar aesthetic experience from the Frederick Church, which stands on an axis. It is a beautiful and impressive building, a mixture of Baroque and Rococo styles - its construction in 1749 was initiated by King Frederick III, but after his death the work was halted and not completed until the middle of the next century.
It is impossible to fully experience the history of Denmark without visiting the Lutheran Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, which is one of Copenhagen's most important sights. The history of the church dates back to the early 13th century and was originally wooden. Later it was replaced by a stone one, but it too did not survive to this day. It burned down in 1738 and was rebuilt in the Baroque style, after which... in the early 19th century it burned down once again, this time during the war with Britain. It has belonged to Protestants since the mid-16th century, and was the site of coronations and burials of Danish rulers from the mid-15th to mid-17th centuries.
Want to explore more of the city's attractions? Book flights to Copenhagen and explore until you're out of breath!